The difference in goals: Both processes automate different goals. Test automation focuses on software test automation and RPA focuses on mundane, repetitive business processes that can include software test automation.
The difference in coding: You need a certain level of coding knowledge for test automation because different software has different code structures. IT personnel can choose between JAVA, VBA, Python, and other low-code or no-code platforms.
With RPA, you don’t need any knowledge about programming. RPA platforms use drag-and-drop features so that you can automate tasks. If you want to get into the advanced side of RPA, someone will need to understand a programming language to access and manipulate base codes.
The difference in application scaling: Test automation is implemented for a small section of a company for software applications that already exist. Some sections of a company could be research and development, quality control, and IT engineering teams. RPA is used for a full department and looks to link processes between more than one department. RPA also allows company data to be centralized so that it’s easier to access and analyze.
RPA and test automation are platform-independent and both of them are trying to improve the quality of goods or services that a company offers. Depending on what you need to achieve, teams can decide which kind of automation is best for their next automation project.